President says order intended to save half-million jobs amid COVID-19 pandemic, but state warns of ‘unintended consequences’ for Utah public schools. ← Installment Loans On Line, Get Your Funds Instantly Racial disparities in who contracts the virus have played out in big cities like Milwaukee and New York, but also in smaller metropolitan areas like Grand Rapids, Michigan,
SALT LAKE CITY — First a worldwide pandemic. Then comes a presidential order the White House says is intended to save more than a half-million jobs by denying entry to international educators, tech workers and others.
In Utah public schools, the order could have “devastating effects” on some dual language immersion programs.
Robert Austin, international initiatives and social studies specialist for the Utah State Board of Education, said while the driving argument behind President Donald Trump’s proclamation is to protect the U.S. economy in a time of pandemic, “the reality is, we cannot possibly staff these positions in dual language immersion with folks here in the U.S. It’s just not possible.”
Austin said he hopes that with ongoing reviews of the order, the Trump administration will reconsider its suspension of entry of foreign nationals under J visas and other visas until the end of the year.
“These are real unintended consequences that we can hopefully try to educate those decision-makers to reconsider because it will have pretty devastating effects on schools that need more predictability at this unpredictable time,” Austin said.
There are about 200 dual language immersion programs in Utah public schools, Austin noted. The program employs a 50-50 model in which students spend half of their school day instructed exclusively in a target language and half in English. Most programs start in first grade, although some begin in kindergarten.
Each year, Utah schools hire 60 to 70 native teachers from China, Brazil, France, Germany, Mexico, Peru and Spain to staff these programs. Teachers come to the United States and stay for three years, and sometimes as long as five years.
Some schools hire American teachers for these positions, but some students say native speakers help them develop better spoken language and teach them about culture from their personal experience.
John and Lani Hilton of Orem, have five children in dual language immersion programs in elementary, junior high and high school levels. All are learning Chinese.
John Hilton III, an associate professor of religion at BYU, said dual language immersion programs not only have taught them another language but they have helped them become global citizens.
“So really the difference is you can have an education where you graduate bilingual or not. This is amazing because what a huge edge it gives you in future opportunities doing business, connecting with other people or traveling. It just opens up this whole other world of opportunities that otherwise you wouldn’t have,” he said.
The couple’s son Joseph, who is 13, said his native Chinese teachers have helped him develop better spoken language and they have taught him about their culture based on firsthand knowledge. He’s been in the immersion program since elementary school.
When the Hiltons traveled to China for five weeks last summer, Joseph Hilton said he was grateful that he knew how to play the Chinese board game Xiangqi, which is similar to chess.
“It’s just a great way to like go out to a park in the evening and go and play this game with people and connect to Chinese culture and people,” he said.
The Hilton’s 15-year-old daughter, Maria, was able to use her Chinese language skills to reach out to victims of a tourist bus crash outside Bryce Canyon National Park last fall that killed four people and injured several others.
Students in her class wrote get well cards to the tourists and several of the native Chinese teachers visited the tourists in hospitals, at area hotels, translated for their medical appointments and even brought them homemade Chinese dishes to make them feel more at home until they were well enough to return to China.
A Washington School District administrator said the humanitarian response would not have been possible without dual language immersion programs in Utah.
Maria Hilton, who has been learning Chinese since elementary school, said while many American teachers who speak Chinese have good command of the language, the classroom experience with a native Chinese teacher is “totally different.”
Learning their stories and about their lives enriches the classroom experience, she said.
“It’s just really is different having a native teacher in the classroom because they’re actually Chinese, so you feel like you can learn more from them. Just listening to them you get more of the accent and it’s just more like a full Chinese experience, like real immersion,” she said.
John Hilton said he hopes the Trump administration will carve out an exception for foreign language teachers to enter the United States.
“It’s working against the United States’ interests. Chinese is a critical language in the United States. The U.S. government is making large efforts to promote learning Chinese but this policy is harming it because students who already are signed up for and want to learn Chinese now will have less access to highly qualified Chinese teachers. So, the short version is, I think it’s a major mistake,” he said.
The Trump administration has said the president’s order suspending many work visas and extending a green card freeze will save the jobs of more than a half-million Americans. Austin said these jobs are typically not filled by Americans, and to deny international teachers entry to the United States not only dilutes students’ opportunities to learn from native speakers, it disrupts teachers’ plans to move across the globe, many with family members.
“So I have like 90 people right now whose lives are in the balance regarding what they’re going to do in the fall,” Austin said.
Many teachers have relinquished their teaching positions because they were planning to teach in Utah this fall. Some have leased homes and made arrangements to rent their homes in their home countries while they work in the United States.
“They may have made travel arrangements and gotten their children ready for the new adventure. Very often these teachers are risk-taking, imaginative, adventurous people who want to bring their skills and talents to Utah and it’s paid off in terms of the kind of language learning that’s occurring across the state. So it’s a real dilemma,” Austin said.
Author: Marjorie Cortez
I prefer These 5 Flirty Introductions Online, as well as Work like a dream – Bahari Trading
I prefer These 5 Flirty Introductions Online, as well as Work like a dream
I’m sure many women still harbor plenty of anxiety with regards to making the move that is first. Face-to-face, I have it—saying hi first is scary face-to-face. On the web, you have got no reason. With Bumble, an software where females must start the discussion, you don’t have an option, but I would personally make an instance for carrying it out it doesn’t matter what software or online site that is dating utilizing.
The brand new York circumstances published a write-up this past year exposing that ladies who result in the first move around in internet dating tend to be rewarded. But additionally, research apart, you will want to? You’ve got little to nothing to lose. While there’s security in a“How that is cursory your weekend? ” prompt, we have a couple of (somewhat) more ideas.
This is basically the line I utilize about 90 per cent of that time period on apps. So what makes this stand that is greeting from your own standard “What’s up? ” or “Hey, exactly just how have you been? ” It’s exactly about the 3 hands that are waving. The emojis make a big difference. There’s something concerning the tactile fingers that signal a cheerfulness, friendliness, and passion that terms alone are not able to. The hands that are waving precious, friendly, so that as one man place it, “pretty adorable. ”
In all honesty, we wait until I’ve garnered a number of matches and copy/paste the message then to all or any of those while ensuring to alter the title every time. That’s right, i’m responsible of giving the thing that is same everybody on a regular basis. And I’m here to inform you: it really works. Back June, a couple of contributors and I also published regarding how it is feasible to meet up with an excellent man for a dating application. During the time, we were dating a good man that we came across (you guessed it) for a application. And you also understand what line we accustomed introduce myself? Yes, yes you do. The connection didn’t final, however the line—like a really flattering top or my personal favorite eyeliner—has yet to fail me personally.
Recently I sent this GIF of Kelly Kapowski from Saved by the Bell to about ten dudes in a line. (exactly what do we state, I’m doing the leg meet your needs! ) The mixture of nineties crush nostalgia while the flirtatious approachability of a revolution get this GIF a effortless intro. (ideal for those of you that are bashful about reaching out first. ) One man reacted after just a minutes that are few, “The Kapowski. Diabolical. ” Two other people repaid a GIF of Zack Morris. After that, the conversations had been engaging and easy. Boom, connection made.
Fun fact: Tinder carried out a report year that is last unearthed that “users are 30 per cent almost certainly going to receive a reply when they use a GIF. ” So you to your next first date while you may be more of a waving bear or Lionel Richie kind of gal, don’t discount the power of a funny image to get.
This intro line may appear obscure, but hear me down. A couple of years ago i did so visit Niagara Falls on a crazy 36-hour road trip with a few girlfriends. For reasons uknown, I find both the natural splendor associated with falls while the quirky reputation for the location become actually fascinating. I have therefore animated once I speak about Niagara that whether or otherwise not the person is into waterfalls or Upstate New York, I’m able to keep these things willing to leap in automobile and get in about 5 minutes.
Therefore, I made the decision to see if my love when it comes to Falls could encourage a connection that is dating. Inquisitive social scientist I kept track for a spell—of the sixteen guys I asked, eleven of them responded, and I went on a date with one that I am. Perhaps maybe Not odds that are terrible right?
In the event that you’ve gone to Niagara, by all means utilize this line immediately. But I suggest: Think of a funny, weird, or unique place you’ve been that could inspire some good banter if you haven’t, here’s what. Places of interest, quirky restaurants that are local or museums—anything that truly excites and passions you. Unforeseen subjects and certain concerns are unforgettable, that will serve to create you aside from most of the “Hey…” girls on the market.
It was an indicator from 1 of my man friends who came across their gf on Bumble. (Which feels as though explanation sufficient to supply the dad laugh a https://datingrating.net/transgenderdate-review try, right? ) For the uninitiated, a dad laugh is just one of these “so bad it is good” jokes that may allow you to laugh just given that it’s therefore low-brow. Listed below are a few examples:
The idea is got by you. The target by having a dad joke would be to make new friends with a integral humor barometer. You immediately down yourself as a silly and self-aware person, and in case the man can appreciate the “so cheesy it is adorable” factor—you’re in.
If you ask me, the dad joke works very well. Two regarding the three dudes I attempted it on this responded right away, and the conversations were lively and fun week. In fact, I’m nailing down a to go out with one of them as we speak night.
This might be possibly the many classic and relevant type of the lot, which explains why it comes down in final. It’s likely that, in the event that you’ve been achieving this for some time (and on occasion even a week! ) you’ve tried some variation with this line. And, I’d wager you’ve had success that is moderate it, appropriate?
The guys whom result in the most readily useful prospects with this intro line shall be very easy to spot. Their photos will show a selection of locations and/or activities—chosen for the explicit function of inspiring discussion. Also if you’re maybe not a fellow hiker/skier/scuba-diver/chef/dog-owner/concert-goer, he’s probably hoping you’ll be wondering sufficient about this to inquire about. Guys that are searching for one thing genuine are longing for you to definitely show up and notice one thing particular that interests them—and pursue it.
The purpose of each and every of these intros is to obtain out of the form of standard, forgettable conversations that seldom ignite a spark. Making a proper connection during your phone is difficult sufficient, so that the sooner you breakdown the wall surface and share a bit of the genuine self—the easier it should be to arrive at that next move and test out that connection within the world that is real.
The fullest look yet at the racial inequity of the coronavirus
The New York Times
Jul 05, 2020 9:04 PM
Teresa Bradley, 60, and her husband, Marvin Bradley, 61, who both had COVID-19 earlier this year, at their home in Kentwood, Michigan, on June 27, 2020. (Elaine Cromie/The New York Times)
Teresa and Marvin Bradley can’t say for sure how they got the coronavirus. Maybe Teresa Bradley, a Michigan nurse, brought it from her hospital. Maybe it came from a visiting relative. Maybe it was something else entirely.
What is certain — according to new federal data that provides the most comprehensive look to date on nearly 1.5 million coronavirus patients in America — is that the Bradleys are not outliers.
Racial disparities in who contracts the virus have played out in big cities like Milwaukee and New York, but also in smaller metropolitan areas like Grand Rapids, Michigan, where the Bradleys live. Those inequities became painfully apparent when Teresa Bradley, who is Black, was wheeled through the emergency room.
“Everybody in there was African American,” she said. “Everybody was.”
Early numbers had shown that Black and Latino people were being harmed by the virus at higher rates. But the new federal data — made available after The New York Times sued the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention — reveals a clearer and more complete picture: Black and Latino people have been disproportionately affected by the coronavirus in a widespread manner that spans the country, throughout hundreds of counties in urban, suburban and rural areas, and across all age groups.
Latino and African American residents of the United States have been three times as likely to become infected as their white neighbors, according to the new data, which provides detailed characteristics of 640,000 infections detected in nearly 1,000 U.S. counties. And Black and Latino people have been nearly twice as likely to die from the virus as white people, the data shows.
The disparities persist across state lines and regions. They exist in rural towns on the Great Plains, in suburban counties, like Fairfax County, Virginia, and in many of the country’s biggest cities.
“Systemic racism doesn’t just evidence itself in the criminal justice system,” said Quinton Lucas, who is the third Black mayor of Kansas City, Missouri, which is in a state where 40% of those infected are Black or Latino even though those groups make up just 16% of the state’s population. “It’s something that we’re seeing taking lives in not just urban America, but rural America, and all types of parts where, frankly, people deserve an equal opportunity to live — to get health care, to get testing, to get tracing.”
The data also showed several pockets of disparity involving Native American people. In much of Arizona and in several other counties, they were far more likely to become infected than white people. For people who are Asian, the disparities were generally not as large, though they were 1.3 times as likely as their white neighbors to become infected.
The new federal data, which is a major component of the agency’s disease surveillance efforts, is far from complete. Not only is race and ethnicity information missing from more than half the cases, but so are other epidemiologically important clues — such as how the person might have become infected.
And because it includes only cases through the end of May, it doesn’t reflect the recent surge in infections that has gripped parts of the nation.
Still, the data is more comprehensive than anything the agency has released to date, and The Times was able to analyze the racial disparity in infection rates across 974 counties representing more than half the U.S. population, a far more extensive survey than was previously possible.
For the Bradleys, both in their early 60s, the symptoms didn’t seem like much at first. A tickle at the back of the throat.
But soon came fevers and trouble breathing, and when the pair went to the hospital, they were separated. Teresa Bradley was admitted while Marvin Bradley was sent home. He said he felt too sick to leave, but that he had no choice. When he got home, he felt alone and uncertain about how to treat the illness.
It took weeks, but eventually they both recovered. When Marvin Bradley returned to work in the engineering department of a factory several weeks later, a white co-worker told Marvin Bradley that he was the only person he knew who contracted the virus.
By contrast, Marvin Bradley said he knew quite a few people who had gotten sick. A few of them have died.
“We’re most vulnerable to this thing,” Marvin Bradley said.
In Kent County, which includes Grand Rapids and its suburbs, Black and Latino residents account for 63% of infections, though they make up just 20% of the county’s population. Public health officials and elected leaders in Michigan said there was no clear reason Black and Latino people in Kent County were even more adversely affected than in other parts of the country.
Among the 249 counties with at least 5,000 Black residents for which The Times obtained detailed data, the infection rate for African American residents is higher than the rate for white residents in all but 14 of those counties. Similarly, for the 206 counties with at least 5,000 Latino residents analyzed by The Times, 178 have higher infection rates for Latino residents than for white residents.
“As an African American woman, it’s just such an emotional toll,” said Teresa Branson, the deputy administrative health officer in Kent County, whose agency has coordinated with Black pastors and ramped up testing in hard-hit neighborhoods.
Experts point to circumstances that have made Black and Latino people more likely than white people to be exposed to the virus: Many of them have front-line jobs that keep them from working at home; rely on public transportation; or live in cramped apartments or multigenerational homes.
“You literally can’t isolate with one bathroom,” said Lt. Gov. Garlin Gilchrist II, who leads Michigan’s task force on coronavirus racial disparities.
Latino people have also been infected at a jarringly disparate rate compared with white people. One of the most alarming hot spots is also one of the wealthiest: Fairfax County, just outside of Washington, D.C.
Three times as many white people live there as Latinos. Yet through the end of May, four times as many Latino residents had tested positive for the virus, according to the CDC data.
With the median household income in Fairfax twice the national average of about $60,000, housing is expensive, leaving those with modest incomes piling into apartments, where social distancing is an impossibility. In 2017, it took an annual income of almost $64,000 to afford a typical one-bedroom apartment, according to county data. And many have had to keep commuting to jobs.
Diana, who was sick with the coronavirus in April, with her 3-year-old son on June 26, 2020. “We have to go out to work,” said Diana, who is still battling symptoms. “We have to pay our rent. We have to pay our utilities. We just have to keep working.” (Hector Emanuel/The New York Times)
Diana, who is 26 and did not want her last name used out of fear for her husband’s job, said her husband got sick at a construction site in April. She and her brother, who also works construction, soon fell ill, too. With three children between them, the six family members live in a two-bedroom apartment.
Diana, who was born in the U.S. but moved to Guatemala with her parents as a small child before returning to the U.S. five years ago, is still battling symptoms. “We have to go out to work,” she said. “We have to pay our rent. We have to pay our utilities. We just have to keep working.”
At Culmore Clinic, an interfaith free clinic serving low-income adults in Fairfax, about half of the 79 Latino patients who tested for the virus have been positive.
“This is a very wealthy county, but their needs are invisible,” said Terry O’Hara Lavoie, a co-founder of the clinic. The risk of getting sick from tight living quarters, she added, is compounded by the pressure to keep working or quickly return to work, even in risky settings.
The risks are borne out by demographic data. Across the country, 43% of Black and Latino workers are employed in service or production jobs that for the most part cannot be done remotely, census data from 2018 shows. Only about 1 in 4 white workers held such jobs.
Also, Latino people are twice as likely to reside in a crowded dwelling — less than 500 square feet per person — as white people, according to the American Housing Survey.
The national figures for infections and deaths from the virus understate the disparity to a certain extent, since the virus is far more prevalent among older Americans, who are disproportionately white compared with younger Americans. When comparing infections and deaths just within groups who are around the same ages, the disparities are even more extreme.
Latino people between the ages of 40 and 59 have been infected at five times the rate of white people in the same age group, the new CDC data shows. The differences are even more stark when it comes to deaths: Of Latino people who died, more than a quarter were younger than 60. Among white people who died, only 6% were that young.
Jarvis Chen, a researcher and lecturer at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, said that the wide racial and ethnic disparities found in suburban and exurban areas as revealed in the new CDC data should not come as a surprise. The discrepancies in how people of different races, ethnicities and socioeconomic statuses live and work may be even more pronounced outside of urban centers than they are in big cities, Chen said.
“As the epidemic moves into suburban areas, there are good reasons to think that the disparities will grow larger,” he said.
The Times obtained the CDC data after filing a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit to force the agency to release the information.
To date, the agency has released nearly 1.5 million case records. The Times asked for information about the race, ethnicity and county of residence of every person who tested positive, but that data was missing for hundreds of thousands of cases.
CDC officials said the gaps in their data are because of the nature of the national surveillance system, which depends on local agencies. They said that the CDC has asked state and local health agencies to collect detailed information about every person who tests positive, but that it cannot force local officials to do so. Many state and local authorities have been overwhelmed by the volume of cases and lack the resources to investigate the characteristics of every individual who falls ill, CDC officials said.
Even with the missing information, agency scientists said, they can still find important patterns in the data, especially when combining the records about individual cases with aggregated data from local agencies.
Still, some say the initial lack of transparency and the gaps in information highlight a key weakness in the U.S. disease surveillance system.
“You need all this information so that public health officials can make adequate decisions,” said Andre M. Perry, a fellow in the Metropolitan Policy Program at The Brookings Institution. “If they’re not getting this information, then municipalities and neighborhoods and families are essentially operating in the dark.”
The higher rate in deaths from the virus among Black and Latino people has been explained, in part, by a higher prevalence of underlying health problems, including diabetes and obesity. But the new CDC data reveals a significant imbalance in the number of virus cases, not just deaths — a fact that scientists say underscores inequities unrelated to other health issues.
The focus on comorbidities “makes me angry, because this really is about who still has to leave their home to work, who has to leave a crowded apartment, get on crowded transport, and go to a crowded workplace, and we just haven’t acknowledged that those of us who have the privilege of continuing to work from our homes aren’t facing those risks,” said Dr. Mary Bassett, the director of the FXB Center for Health and Human Rights at Harvard University.
Bassett, a former New York City health commissioner, said there is no question that underlying health problems — often caused by factors that people cannot control, such as lack of access to healthy food options and health care — play a major role in COVID-19 deaths.
But she also said a big determinant of who dies is who gets sick in the first place, and that infections have been far more prevalent among people who can’t work from home. “Many of us also have problems with obesity and diabetes, but we’re not getting exposed, so we’re not getting sick,” she said.
The differences in infection case rates are striking, said Jennifer Nuzzo, an epidemiologist and professor at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
“Some people have kind of waved away the disparities by saying, ‘Oh, that’s just underlying health conditions,’” Nuzzo said. “That’s much harder to do with the case data.”
In June, CDC officials estimated that the true tally of virus cases was 10 times the number of reported cases. They said they could not determine whether these unreported cases had racial and ethnic disparities similar to those seen in the reported infections.
But they said that more-severe infections — which are more often associated with underlying health condition s, and with people seeking medical care — are more likely to be recorded as cases.
That difference in the reporting of cases might explain some portion of the race and ethnicity disparities in the number of documented infections, CDC officials said. But they said that it was also clear that there have been significant disparities in the number of both deaths and cases.
To measure how the coronavirus pandemic is affecting various demographic groups in the United States, The New York Times obtained a database of individual confirmed cases along with characteristics of each infected person from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.The data was acquired after The Times filed a Freedom of Information Act suit. The CDC provided data on 1.45 million cases reported to the agency by states through the end of May. Many of the records were missing critical information The Times requested, like the race and home county of an infected person, so the analysis was based on the nearly 640,000 cases for which the race, ethnicity and home county of a patient was known. The data allowed The Times to measure racial disparities across 974 counties, which account for about 55% of the nation’s population, a far wider look than had been possible previously. Infection and death rates were calculated by grouping cases in the CDC data by race, ethnicity and age group, and comparing the totals with the most recent Census Bureau population estimates for each county. For national totals, The Times calculated rates based on both the actual population and the age-adjusted population of each county. The age adjustment accounts for the higher prevalence of the virus among older U.S. residents and the varying age patterns of different racial and ethnic groups. The national totals exclude data for eight states for which county-level information was not provided, but each of those states also showed a racial disparity in case rates.
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